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link. Click on the icon and it will open a separate, smaller window
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east, the (Eng): (n)
One of the four cardinal directions representing the four winds. (See, level of abstraction, def. 2.)
The east is a “positive” or “safe” direction because the sun rises in
the east, giving birth to light and a new day. WOFW (See, also, west, north, south.)
stone (Eng): (n)
A small replica of one of the apus. PKC
ecstasy (Eng): (n)
An emotional or religious frenzy or trancelike state, originally one
involving an experience of mystic self-transcendence. WODO During
this state there occurs the passage from consciousness by means of the
unconscious toward a far superior state. Ecstasy occurs in a very
tenuous, simple fashion and almost instantaneously. Ecstasy serves to
predispose the spirit for flight. The
conscious field becomes more alive. The ecstasy prepares one for
flight. One passes through ecstasy before the flight. WOFW
(Eng): (n) Another term for the shamanic journey (see).
(AYM): (n) Honor. ASD
Ekeko: (1) A god of wealth. EFD
A Bolivian god of plenty and wealth. According to an ancient legend,
when you place a miniature object in or on a doll representing the god,
you will receive what you wish for the following year. It is considered
bad luck to remove those objects from the doll. WPO
(2) (lower case, ekkeko) An elemental of the mountain; a benefactor who
provides the fruits of Pachamama. JLH
Brujo: (n) An
archaeological site located north of Trujillo, Peru. At the El Brujo
archaeological site are three huacas: Huaca Cao
Viejo, Huaca El Brujo, and Huaca Prieta. These structures were built by
the Moche people, who lived there between the years A.D. 100 and 700.
The people who now live near the El Brujo site tell us that the Huaca
Cao Viejo (or White Huaca) is a temple with positive energy, which is
represented by a man, the earth or the sun. The Huaca Partida is a
temple with negative energy, which is represented by a woman, the sea
or the moon. At Huaca Partida, shamans
perform ritual mesas (def. 2). Excavations
at the El Brujo complex have revealed evidence of human sacrifice, most
probably made to Aia-Paec. WRIC
Artist's rendering of an important ceremonial
Huaca Cao Viejo. It was most likely used for religious rituals. Its two
are decorated with small high-relief iconographic designs (image below).
Mural representation of the warrior narrative
(depicted in the
artist's rendering above, far right, center.
spiral well discovered at El Brujo. WIKI
(n) Literally, the
gilded man. The
fabled city of gold. The term originally referred to the Chibcha
ceremony in which a chief coated with a vegetable gum and sprayed with
gold dust jumped into a lagoon from a raft in order to offer the gold
on his body to the gods. The theme of this ritual act seems to have
been a symbolic shedding of the skin or metamorphosis. WOFW
(Span): Literally, embarassment.
Illness related with disharmony of the solar plexus energy. WAN
(adj) Bewitched, enchanted. SEES See, encantos, below.
specialized in working with the encantos.
(Span): (n) Literally, enchantment,
A special stone with healing properties. Encantos can have different
colours -- black, white, aqua, red, emerald -- with each colour
corresponding to a specific use in curing an illness. EMM
The stones can be of a peculiar shape, resembling, e.g.,
a snake or jaguar
claw. The spirit of the stone protects and gives special dreams to the
owner of the stone. Vegetalistas
claim that the true nature of these stones is seen under the effects of
when one is able to see the powerful spirits that live inside them.
They are used for healing -- for instance, by rubbing the patient with
an encanto in the place where illness is located -- or as a defense by
invoking the spirits. AYV
great power source for a curandero, such as a
sacred mountain. WOFW Spirit
entities. Duality and separability of spirit-essence and physical
manifestations permeates the natural world as well [as the human
being's ability to separate spirit from body]. The spiritual essence of
caves, springs, mountains and highland lagoons is understood in two
ways. First, it may be an inherent feature of the particular place.
Second, it may be the accumulated spiritual essence of humans who lived
and died at that place -- on the mountain, in the cave, or at the
lakeshore -- in previous eras. Both definitions of this spiritual
essence are referred to generically as the encanto of the place. GOL
enema (Eng): See. willcachina.
(Eng): See, subtle energy.
(Eng) A reference to yachay, munay
also encompassing the chakras
of the Hindu system of life energy.
Dios: (n) A
God-given illness that is a catalyst for regaining a connection to
Spirit or to reveal a specific teaching otherwise impossible to learn
without the condition. It is the shaman's
responsibility to carefully discern the intention of Spirit and to
mediate change accordingly. PSPM
enguyanchero: (n) A
maker of love spells. WOFW
inca, enqha: (n) The vital generating principle. It is the fount and
origin of happiness, well-being, and abundance. Enqa is a special gift
which permits good fortune to accompany the family, preserving the
herds which support it. WOFW A black
hole, or one who can absorb all the living energies. RS
[enqa] is the original model of all things; probably this is the
fundamental meaning: archetype. CSCR Talisman,
a magical character, a sacred item used as the container of health,
abundance, and safety. PSPM Talisman
or medicine object used as a container for health, well-being, and
abundance; most likely the origin of the word Inka, enqa
refers to a repository of collective energy, a black hole, or a person
who can absorb all forms of energy. ANON1
contained in an enqaychu.
Origin of Inca; health, balance, well-being. JLH
incayichu, incaychu: (n) (1) The graphic manifestation of enqa (see, above). WOFW. A small
stone, natural or carved, that resembles an animal, human or object,
considered to contain life force and the power to bring good things to
one's life. Also called an illa.
(2) In the Cusco area, the
term used for conopa. The
enqaychu is is said to contain the animo or life-force of the
livestock. WOFW (3)
The principle of abundance and fertility.
(n) An entanglement of the spirit caused by witchcraft (a love
spell). From enredar, to
entangle in a net. WOFW
SEES WPH The
artificial manipulation of human sentiment is a type of sorcery that
illustrates the relationship among the etiology of illness, the
constraining ideologies of machismo and marianismo, and the
precarious nature of relations of dependence. Love magic has been used
as a sorcery technique since at least the early colonial period. This
form of daño is
directed toward a specific victim because of envy, jealousy, or
revenge. Intended to manipulate or dominate another's will, love magic
is known by many terms, including pisada and atada. Like
other forms of daño, the effects of love magic occur because the
victims soul has been called away from the body and commended to
another. Instead of commending the soul to an encanto (see, above) or an ánima, the soul
is turned over to the perpetrator so the victim will feel irresistibly
drawn toward him or her. This unnatural binding of two souls occurs
when the victim absorbs the prepared potion or powder, either directly
(by ingestion) or indirection (through airborne means). Drinking
menstrual blood that has been surreptitiously mixed in hot chocolate,
or donning underpants that have been worked
with the hex are two common examples. Or sympathetic magic may be
employed, as when the intended's photograph is placed in the
perpetrator's shoe and the pisada occurs
with every footstep taken. GOL
(adj) Literally, buried. Referring
to something that was magically worked
by a brujo to effect
the daño and then
buried or thrown into the sea. GOL
(Greek): (n) The word entheogen is a modern term derived from two
Ancient Greek words, entheos
Entheos means literally in
more freely translated inspired.
Genesthai means to
cause to be.
So an entheogen is that
which causes (a person) to be in God.
In its strictest sense the term refers to a psychoactive substance
(most often some plant matter) that occasions enlightening spiritual or
mystical experience. In a broader sense, the word refers to artificial
as well as natural substances that induce alterations of consciousness
similar to those documented for ritual ingestion of traditional
shamanic inebriants, even if it is used in a secular context. EWO
(n) From entregar, to
deliver, hand over. SEES A
surrender; a giving over. Relinquishment of control. GOL
entropy (Eng): (n)
In thermodynamics, a measure of the amount of energy not available for
work during a natural process. RHCD
god of mercenary war. DRB
/ espiritista (Span):
(n) (1) A spiritist, male or female, who works with the spirits of her
ancestors to help diagnose and cure sorcery-related illnesses. GOL (2)
Espiritista: vegetalista who works
solely with spirits. [Note use of fem. endings.] MSIN
(n) Spirit, ghost. PSL
(n) Spirit world (sp.). PSL
plain of the spirits,
located some 170 km northwest of Cusco,
was discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911, just a few weeks after his
discovery of Machu Picchu.
This is considered to be Vilcabamba,
the lost city of the Inca
(Span): Literally, to
stimulate the singing.
sessions are noted for visual and auditory (even olfactory)
hallucinations of spirits dancing and singing and playing instruments.
Guardian spirits bring icaros
to the vegetalista.
(n) (Span) The star
or spirit of an apu.
The summoning of the paq'o
by a physical manifestation of the estrella. May take the form of
bulls, condors, hummingbirds or pumas, or come in a dream as a glowing
human figure in a white robe. Sacred lagoons may also send estrellas. KOAK
air: See, mal aire.
of Idolotry (Eng): (n)
The title given to the colonial religious office in the archbishopric
of Lima, established in 1610, charged with the eradication the Andean
religions. IBCN Jesuit
missionaries were impressed upon that their very first duty, upon
entering a village, was to get their hands on the lineage huaca and
destroy it. If the paqarina could be
located and destroyed or defaced, so much the better. SIMA
extraction (Eng): (n)
The process by which a shaman removes
blockages, objects imprinted in the energy field, or even heavy energy
by sucking, brushing or sweeping, using a sacred object or the hands.
That which is extracted must be disposed of properly by putting it in
the ground or in running water. It can also be disposed of with hucha mikhuy.
PSPM See, also, sucking.