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icaro, ikaro (Span.): (n) Derived most likely from the jungle Quichua verb ikaray, the Spanish word icaro designates the magical lyrics, incantations, either whistled or spoken, learned by the shaman through the diet of plant teachers. POP Magical or medicine song that constitute the quintessence of shamanic power and are acquired from spirit helpers. Icaros are given to the shaman by the spirits of the plants the shaman is ingesting and learning to heal with. (See, yachay.) The icaro has material and immaterial qualities representing a transference of the spirits of the entheogenic plants with all of the animal and human form manifestations into the shaman’s own body. Once you know the icaro of a plant, you no longer need to consume that plant. Icaros must be sung perfectly for them to work. AYV Air or force charged with positive energy. EMM (See, Appendix E for much more on icaros.)
idioma (Span): (n) The icaro with which a vegetalista communicates with the spirits of the plants. EMM
idolotrías (Span): (n) Idolatries; the investigations by the Spanish priests into the idolatrous practices in the countryside of the Inca empire. The richest sources of information were the curacas. The Idolatrías and the Huarochirí Manuscript are rich sources of information of the historical practices of Inca spirituality. MAN
The church inspector, Cristobal de Albornoz, with the help of
his native assistant, administers punishment during an
extirpation of idolatries campaign. From a drawing by Felipe
Guaman Poma de Ayala.
ikaray: (v) To blow smoke for healing. POP (See, icaro.)
ila poca, ila cayu (AYM): (n) Moment of time. ASD
illa, illia: (n) (1) Regenerative, creative principle,creation. The moment when it acquires flow, it becomes kawsay. The substance that creates reality; manifests as fire and water. (2) Lightning; ray; reflected or artificial light. (3) Precious stone; jewel; hidden treasure. (4) Enlightenment. (5) A small square stone given by a mentor to the student. RS JLH ROR Rectangular four- or five-inch alabaster stone carved in the form of a chacra, with crops, animals, houses and people of the family. It is in essence a mesa unto itself.IGMP (See, enqaychu, tocapo).
illac umo: (n) Literally, light head. One who radiates light. IGMP
Illamani: (n) The name of one of one of the sacred mountains of the Inca. Located in Bolivia. Its mystical significance is to channel illa into tangible benefit, abundance. JLH
Illampu: (n) The name of one of the refuge mountains of the Kollahuayas, 21,000 feet. (See, picture in Appendix B.)
illanchay: (v) To radiate. RS
Illapa, Iyapa, Ilyap’a, Katoylla: (n) God of thunder. RS ROR God of thunderstorms. EFD seen as a man carrying a club and rocks in his hands, or as a man in shining clothes that flashed as lightning when he moved. GM MAN He was one of the more popular Incan deities. His name meant thunder and lightning, and he drew rain water from the Milky Way, which he kept in a jug. When there was not enough rain, people would tie up black dogs and let them starve. They would keep them there until Illapa took pity on them, and sent rain. WPO
illapa: (n) A generic term referring to all forms of lightning. (See, qhaqya, raio, relámpago.)
illaputtatha (AYM): (v) To be touched by lightning or die from a lightning strike. ASD (See, illa.)
illaris: (n) An object that shines or radiates light. AEAA
illariy: (phrase) Rise and embrace the sun, used to empower another. (adj) Shining; brilliant. (v) To dawn; to shine; to light; to brighten. Bring forth creation. RS
illasqa, illaska: (n) An illumined person. RS
Illa Ticci, Illa Tiqsi, Illa Teqsi, Illa Ticci Wiracocha: The Creator God. Illa meaning light; ticci means base, foundation, or origin, hence founder. An early scholar translated it as Eternal Light. HOI (See, Wiracocha.)
illawi: (n) Boa constrictor. RS
illia: See, illa.
imaginal senses: (n) Westerners have lost five of their ten senses. We still have the five physical senses of touch, taste, sight, hearing and feeling, but we have lost the five imaginal senses, the senses of our imagination and mind. These are (1) the sense of self-healing, (2) the sense of self-destruction, (3) the sense of penetration, (4) the sense of perception, and (5) the sense of revelation. These are as taught by the Chumash Indians of California and they call it Chumash X-ray. TEQ (See, Appendix I for a fuller explanation of this and other models of shamanic perception.)
Imaymana Wiracocha: The eldest son of Wiracocha.
Imbabura: (n) Called Taita Imbabura (Father Imbabura) by the native Ecuadorians, the volcano is considered by them to be the father of all mysteries. Before him is his past and his future, destiny that is woven in a timeless pattern of earth and seed and harvest. TAV
imprint (Eng): (n) Like the image left by a rubber stamp, our luminous bodies carry the energetic patterns of traumatic experiences, waiting like land mines, to be triggered by circumstance and then release their stored energy into the physical body, causing illness and/or emotional upset. PGO (See, luminous body.)
Inca, Inka: (n) (1) A ruling class of people inhabiting the Cusco valley in the late 1100's to 1532 a. d., possibly comes from ancient word enqa which means black hole or one who can absorb all the living energies; ruler; son of the sun; lover. RS QNO Loosely and inaccurately applied to ancient Peruvians as a whole. CSCR (See, Appendices D and H for more about their empire, runa.) (2) The Inca have attained mythic status in the Amazon. Among the vegetalistas, the Inca is considered to be the father and creator of humanity. They have not disappeared but continue to live, enchanted, in cities under the earth and spirit cities in the sky. AYV (3) There is evidence that the Inca royalty may have spoken a secret courtly language called Inca, distinct from Quechua. CSCR (4) Inca is the original model of all things; probably this is the fundamental meaning: archetype. CSCR
Incas (def. 2) emerging from one of their cities in the water
in a detail from a painting by vegetalista Pablo Amaringo. AYV
Inca Laws: See, Three Inca Laws, and Ama llulla, ama qilla, ama suwa.
Inca Mallku: (n) Shaman of the fifth level who is able to cure with a single touch. WMG RS Mallku comes from the root word meaning tree, thus Inka mallku also means one connected to the spiritual geneaology of the Incas. The female counterpart is Ñust’a. QNO
Inca medicine wheel: (n) Although the South American Inca did not have a medicine wheel in the sense of the North American natives, at least one teacher of Inca shamanism in the United States has synthesized one. Thus, this non-traditional concept has entered the subject of Inca shamanism as it is taught outside of the Andes. PGO
Inca Roca: (n) The legendary sixth Inca ruler, probably ruling in the 13th Century. MAN
Drawing of Inca Roca by
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala.
inca simi: (n) Quechua (language of the Inca). RS (See, runasimi)
Inca Urco: (n) the ninth Inca ruler having the shortest reign of any of the pre-Spanish kings, traditionally less than a year in 1438. Chose by his father, Wiracocha Inca, to be his successor, he fled with his father at the approach of a rival army, leaving his brother, Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, to defend Cusco. MAN
inca wasi: (n) Inca's house. RS
incayichu: (n) The principle of abundance and fertility.
Inca Yupanqui: Another name for Yahuar Huacac.
iniy, iñiy: (v) To believe (religious). QP
Inka: See, Inca.
inkari, Inkari: (n) Inca rey (sp) (Inca king). Masculine principle, rigid. The right side of the body. (See, collari.) JLH Inkari was the name of the first man in the Incan creation myth. MAN
Inkarrí:(n), A mythical being captured via deceit by his enemies and quartered in the central square of Cusco. The pieces were then buried, hidden, far apart. Legend has it that these pieces are slowly reuniting and that, when the head again sits atop the body, the Indians will overthrow the current government and take back their country under Inkarri’s leadership. THIM The post-conquest mythical dying and reviving Inca, a combination of Quechua and Spanish, both words Inka and rey meaning king in their respective languages. The belief of the return of Inkarrí is in keeping with the concept of pachacuti. The myths are apparently based in the beheadings of two of the Inca kings by the Spanish, Atahualpa and Tupac Amaru. The belief is that, once buried in the ground, the head becomes the seed for a new body. MAN
inlis: (n) English. QP
inlisa: (n) Church (sp). QP
inquini (AYM): (n) One that has a star, or good fortune, in everything. ASD
intention: (n) Intent is not a thought, or an object, or a wish. Intent is what can make a man succeed when his thoughts tell him that he is defeated. It operates in spite of the warrior’s indulgence. Intent is what makes him invulnerable. Intent is what sends a shaman through a wall, through space, to infinity. WIKIQ The most important ingredient in medicine work; intention is everything. AVO One of the maxims of Chinese medicine is chi follows yi and blood follows chi. Yi is focused intent, which gives the practitioner the capacity to control subtle energies (chi) with the mind (yi), eventually affecting the body (blood). PGO
inti: (n) Sun. RS
Inti: (n) (1) The shortened use of Inti Tayta, or Tayta Inti. IGMP (2) Sun god. Inti gave rainbows to the people he created to remind them of his creation of the world and of them, and how the rainbow is different colors but is one road from earth to the sky. WMO Inti rivalled Wiracocha in importance as a creator god because of his relationship with the Sapa Inca. MAN (See, Punchau.) (AYM): (n) Sun or, according to the ancients, Villca [Wilka]. ASD
Inti Cancha: (n) House of the Sun. HOI
intichay: (n) East. RS
inti chimpu: (n) Aureole around the sun. RS
inti chinkay: (n) Literally, sun disappears. (1) Solar eclipse. (2) West. RS (See, Inti Jiwaña, chincana.)
intihuatana: (n) See, Inti watana.
Inti inti: (n) Sun of suns; supreme cosmic energy. CHAM Behind Inti Tayta is the “Sun behind the sun,” or the Divine Presence who sends life force energy through Inti Tayta to Pachamama for all of nature. We receive this spiritual light energy in our spiritual body, from which it then flows to our physical body. IGMP
Inti Jiwaña: Death of the Sun. A solar eclipse. The mythic Black Jaguar slowly devours Inti, the light and life of this world.
inti lluqsiy: (n) Literally, sun comes out. Sunrise. RS (See, lloqsi.)
intindiy: (v) To understand (sp). QP
inti pacha: (n) Sun time. RS (See, pacha.)
Intip Apu: (n) Governor of things pertaining to the Sun. HOI
intip chinkanan: (n) West (where the sun disappears). RS (See, chincana.)
Intip Churi: (n) Child of the Sun. HOI
intip lluqsinan: (n) East (where the sun comes out). RS (See, lloqsi.)
Intipunku: Literally, sun gate. A notch in the mountain ridge near Machu Picchu.
The Intipunku as seen from Machu Picchu
inti p'utumuy: (n) Sunrise. RS
Inti quenayaro hithinti (AYM): (v) To conceal the sun with the clouds. ASD
Inti Raymi: (n) The Festival of the Sun at the winter solstice in June. An ill omen witnessed during the feast of Inti Raymi signaled the downfall of the empire when an eagle was seen mobbed by buzzards, and it fell from the sky. This occurred during the reign of Huayna Capac. MAN (See, Capac Raymi.)
Inti Tayta, Tayta Inti: (n) Father sun. RS
inti t'iksuy: (n) Afternoon. RS
inti wañuy: (n) Solar eclipse. RS
inti wata: (n) Solar year. RS
Inti watana, Intihuatana: (n) (1) A place to read the sun's standing position; sun watch. RS (2) Although it wasn’t the only one, it often means the hitching post of the sun at Machu Picchu, the most well known. Many of the Inti watanas were destroyed by the Spanish, who considered them pagan. PGO The one at Machu Picchu is the top point of the pyramid that connects with the pyramid in the Cosmos. We can also say it connects the spiral of Pachamama with the spiral of the Cosmos. IGMP
The Inti watana at Machu Picchu -- the most well-known of them all. SVI
The Inti watana at Pisac.
Inti yaykuna, Inti yaykuy: West (where the sun sets); sundown. RS
iñaca: (n) A non-Inca noble woman. ICC
ipa: (n) Aunt, sister of father. ASD (See, tayca.)
iporuru: See, hiporúru.
irakar: (v) To empower.
irpay: (n) The ceremony of marking cattle, sometimes considered a wedding of young animals. ROR
ishanga: (n) (Laportea aestuans) A plant that can be used by sorcerers to do harm. [It is a nettle.] AYV It has folk healing uses as well. Commonly used to relieve rheumatic pains, as a diuretic, for burns, constipation, dysentery, rickets, and wounds. DUKE
iskay chantayuq, iskay chantayoj: (adj) Of two forms; biform. RS
iskay kapun, iskay kapunku: (phrase) Now there are two in one, expressed by attendees after a wedding. ROR
Island of the Moon: See, Appendix B.
Island of the Sun: See, Appendix B.
ispallas: (n) Airborne elementals that love to eat hucha. JLH
itu apu: (n) Mountain of your birth. Masculine spirit of one's place of birth, also known as your guiding star. "Don Benito spent hours scrying in a cosmic plate to communicate with his guiding star; it makes you part of a larger cosmic system." RS QNO The equivalent feminine energy is called paqarina. JLH
ituy: (v) to carry something heavy with both hands. RS
ivénki (Amaz): (n) The Ashanínka word for a tuberous herb of magical and medicinal properties which are used according to their shape. THIM
iwanqiliu, ewanqelio: (n) Gospel (sp.). RS
Iyapa: See, Illapa.