Use the Firefox browser with the CoolPreview add on. CoolPreview will give a magnifying glass icon at every link when you put your cursor on the link. Click on the icon and it will open a separate, smaller window with the definition of the term in it. You can either lock the window by clicking the padlock icon in the top bar of the little window, or move your cursor off the window and it will automatically close. This is almost as good as mouseovers.
pacari: See, paqarichiy.
Pacarimoc Runa: (n) Literally, the first men who emerged. Those people did not know how to do anything, not even how to make clothes; they wore tree leaves and straw mats. Nor did they know how to make houses; they lived in caves and under cliffs. GPA
Pacaritambo: (n) Abode of Procreation where Inti gave life to the first mortals, who were created there after the flood (Uñu Pachacuti) and emerged from three caves. NFL (See, Tambo Toco, paqarichiy.)
Pacaritambo, drawing by Felipe Guaman
Poma de Ayala.
paccariscas: (n) The places where tribal ancestors were believed to have emerged into the world. These could be caves (the most important one being Pacaritambo), hills, lakes or springs (paqarinas), and they became important centers for thanksgiving.IAWS
pacha: (n) (1) Location in time and space; where time and space are in conjunction. (2) Life phases; the in-between space, a bardo. (3) The physical world. Time, earth, space, universe. ROR JLH AVO (4) The Divine Cosmos. It includes quantity, other realities, Divinity, what is still a mystery. IGMP (5) Age; era; time. (6) Oneself; a being. (7) Soil; nature; place. RS
pacha callaripaua (AYM): (adv) At the beginning of earth. ASD
Pachacamac, Pachakamak: (n) (1) Literally, he who animates the world. Universal masculine energy in time and space; creator of the world. Deity of the Andes; world ruler; creator; he who puts order in the world. RS A chthonic creator-god, originally worshipped by the Yuncas but then adopted by the Incan Empire. He was a son of Inti and Mama Killa, and husband of Pachamama. WIC When he had created the first man and woman, he forgot to provide them with food. When the man died, the woman accused Pachacamac of neglect, whereupon he made her fertile, and she bore a son. The god killed the son, cut the corpse in pieces from which grew the various fruits and vegetables. The second son escaped him, however, and so the god slew the mother. This son, called Wichama, avenged his mother's death by driving Pachacamac into the sea. WPO Primarily he was the Underworld god causing earthquakes but may have been related also to the fertility of the Earth. His wife, Urpihuachac, had thrown the first fishes into the Ocean. PRM Some scholars say this is an attribute of Wiracocha. HOI Pachacamac appears to have been a Chimu deity. As a child of the sun and the moon, he was a brother to Con. The cult of Pachacamac survived the might of Inca domination. IAWS (2) A temple outside of Lima where the philosophy of yanantin was born. RS NND The site of Pachacamac on the central coast of Peru has long been regarded as the preeminent religious and/or pilgrimage center of pre-Hispanic Peru. The fame and power of its oracle and ancient temples, together with myths pertaining to its dualistic, earth-dwelling, patron deity named Pachacamac, have been described by both Spanish Colonial writers and modern scholars. This deity is said to have had the power, on the one hand, to create and sustain humans, nurture crops, and cure disease, and, on the other hand, to cause earthquakes, storms in the Pacific, and disease. In his 1534 report, Miguel Estete, for example, noted that many pilgrims from far and wide came there to pay respects, consult, and/or make offerings to the oracle at the Temple. This sanctuary was surrounded by shelters for pilgrims and the tombs of noblemen and priests, who wished to be buried close to the deity they had worshipped. WPAP After crossing inhospitable mountains, travelers would be awed by the temple. Fantastic murals covered the adobe walls and through its many doors access could be found to a series of plazas. Pachacamac not only offered advise to individuals, but offered protection from natural disasters and disease. In return, he expected tribute in the form of goods and the blood of sacrificial victims, both animal and human. IAWS
pacha cuti (AYM): (adj) Of war. ASD
pachacuti, pachakuti: (n) (1) A period of upheaval and cosmic transformation, overturning of the space/time continuum that affects consciousness. Reversal of the world. KOAK ROR A cataclysmic event separating eras in time. The founding of the Inca Empire was seen as the beginning of a new era, and the Inca ruler responsible took Pachacuti as his namme. The Conquest was also seen as a pachacuti, in the sense of a great disaster. Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala mourned it as a world in reverse because hanan and hurin had been overturned and the Spanish had failed to institute a new order that was just or made sense. CSCR (2) Coming back to source. TP A return to the essence of the cosmos. There is a cosmic cycle of one thousand years, like the cycle of day and night. Five hundred years is daytime, five hundred is nighttime. The Spanish arrived with the sunset between 1492 and 1532. Now we are living in a New Sunrise, which is very special because this first light is food for the heart. IGMP (3) The revolution of time and space, the concept of succession and renewal. The Incas believed in an elaborate succession of worlds or creations, inhabited by different races of beings and/or civilizations. Each age was referred to as being ruled over by a Sun [and assigned a successive number]. The general course of development was from the more primitive to the sophisticated. Each world ended, destroyed by some catastrophic event. MAN (See, First Sun, Second Sun, Third Sun, Fourth Sun, Fifth Sun.)
pachacutik: (n) 500-year period between pachacutis. MAN
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, Pachakuteq Inca Yupanqui: The ninth Inca emperor whose remarkable rule (1438-1471) earned him the appellation Transformer of the World and Earthshaker. Among his accomplishments he rebuilt Cusco after it was destroyed in the war with the Chanca (See, Appendix D), he built Machu Picchu, developed the state and organized the institutions and systems that would become the hallmarks of Inca rule: national taxation and labor levies, roadways and imperial communication network, and extensive warehousing of food and other commodities for redistribution throughout the empire. MAN (See, Appendix H.)
pacha kuyuy: (n) Earthquake. QP
pachakamanta: (n) Literally, from a hundred or concerning a hundred, which would indicate a relation to the Inca concept of the hundred as a standardized political unit. It is the name of the large ornament at the start of the quipu. See, Appendix C for a picture.
Pachamama, Pacha Mama: (n) (1) Mother Earth, Gaia; both the physical planet and the goddess archetype. Universal feminine energy in time and space; cosmic mother. Wife of Pachacamac. WMO Goddess of the earth and overseer of planting and harvesting. seen as a huge dragon which causes earthquakes. GM The Earth Mother of the Chincha of Peru. The supreme god Pachacamac emerged from her. She is also mentioned as his consort. WPO Goddess responsible for the well-being of plants and animals. Offerings to her of coca, chicha and prayers are made on all agricultural occasions. MAN (2) The Inca propitiated Pachamama, and other spirits, by placing offerings on mountaintops, in crevices and caves, and buried near buildings or fields. One kind of offering used throughout the Inca realm involved copper, silver, or gold figurines dressed in elaborate miniature garments, often decorated with feathers. BOC (Also, Mama Pacha. See, mama.)
pachamama despacho: See, Appendix J.
Pachamamakamak: (n) Mother Earth as the relationship of time and space, above and below.
Pachatira, Pachatierra: (n) (1) Refers to a concept of earthly or subterranean fecundity, which is important in a discussion of celestial animals (def. 2) which originate from and are actually composed of the earth. We find in the Andes a general belief in the subterranean origin of all animals. ACES (2) Dark cloud constellations which are located in that part of the Milky Way (Mayu) where one sees the densest clustering of stars and the greatest surface brightness, thus the fixed clouds of interstellar dust [dark matter (Yana Phuyu)] have the greatest contrast. They represent a transitional, intermediate category of celestial phenomena; even though located in the sky, they are classified as pachatierra, or pachatira, the Spanish and Quechua words for earth. There is a correlation of the astronomical periodicities of the pachatira with the biological cycles of their animal counterparts on the earth (sp). ACES (See, yana phuyu for a fuller explanation.)
Pachatusan: (n) (1) The name of one of one of the sacred mountains of the Inca empire. Its mystical significance is as the nexus, the axis of ceke lines, of power in the mesa which is known as pachatusan. (2) The axis to which you anchor your engagements, your ability to assemble your reality and not collude with ordinary reality (which is reaction). JLH
pacsi: (n) Month. AEAA
pago (Span): (n) A despacho offered in payment or atonement, often given with food and drink. KOAK
pago a la tierra (Span): Literally, payment to the earth. Alcohol, burnt offerings and smashed pottery to ensure fertility of the fields. JAR
Paititi: See, Paytiti.
pakasqa: (adj) Hidden. PSL
palero (Span): (n) A vegetalista who uses entheogenics from the bark of various trees such as ayahúman (Couroupita guianensis), huacapú (Minquartia guinensis), clavohuasca (Tynanthas panurensis), chuchuwasa (Heisteria pallida), ch'ullachaki-caspi (Brysonima christianiae), remocaspi, lupuna colorada,et al. AYV
pambamuri (Amaz): (n) A mythological huge, hairy ray fish, also known as rayamama, sometimes 30-40 meters wide. Whirlwinds ride atop it and it is connected with soul imprisonment. It sinks boats, erodes riverbanks and acts as a lid for a network of subterranean tunnels which connect cities at the bottom of lakes and rivers. AYV
pampa: (n) (1) Land, ground, valley. RS Plain or flat area of any size. CSCR (2) Understanding and dialogue with elementals and nature. (See, pampamesayoq.) (adj) Flat. CSCR
pampa aklla conas: See, akllas.
Pampachaway!: (expression) Excuse me! Sorry! RS
pampachay: (v) To forgive, to pardon; literally, to make level . PSL RS
pampamesayoq: (n) Shamanic level of caretaker of the land, cycles of the natural world; keeper of the earth. AVO Lower shaman; Andean priest of the second level who specializes in rituals like performing despachos or coca leaf readings. RS
pana, pani, panay: (n) (1) Female friend of a male, sister of a man. QP ICC (2) Feminine equivalent of wayqi. JLH By balancing your own lloke and pana energies, and following the pathway of your power, you can go through any obstacle, even physical walls. IGMP (See, authentic self.)
panaca, panaka: (n) The original ten or so royal ayllus of the Inca imperial household; direct descendants of the first ten kings of Cusco. The panacas complemented the original ten ayllus of the tambos at Tambo Toco. MAN In Inca times this word refers to the twelve royal lineages of Inca families that competed in the Wiracocha Temple to become the next Sapa Inca or ruler of the Empire. QNO RS (See, Appendix H.)
panga-cometas: (n) Comets of living leaves which change into flying animals that assist the vegetalista (sp). AYV
pani: See, pana.
panshin oni (Panoan): One of three kinds of ayahuasca distinguished by the Shipibo according to color, yellow ayahuasca, from vines having three different mamas: the boa, the grasshopper and the chicua bird, which with its song announces whether the vegetalista should cut the vine at that time. AYV Yellow ayahuasca, traditionally considered the best for initiation. The most commonly employed in curanderismo in Amazonian Peru. WSEC (See, oni.)
panta: (adj) Wrong, mistaken. QP
pantay: (v) To make an error. QP
panteon: (n) Cemetery (sp.). PSL
paña: (n) Right hand; right side; right hand side of the path, relating to mystical knowledge; the cold, rational, objective and structured side of the path governing initiation and ritual; known as "the road to god." The side of the path where the shaman communicates directly with spirits. Lloke and paña must be integrated to fully push the kawsay. QNO JLH
Papamtúa (Amaz): The Father that takes care of everybody. AYV (See, Pachacamac)
papas-trueno: (n) (Dioscorea sp.) is a kind of yam. The person who consumes this plant is able to summon the rain or keep it from falling, to control the wind and thunderbolt. It is very difficult to obtain, found in high hills in the jungle. It looks like a golden heart. AYV
paqar: (adv) Very early in the morning. TLD
paqarichiy: (v) To found, to originate. RS To give life. Establish. TLD
paqarimuy: (v) To be born. RS
paqarina: (n) (1) Places of emergence such as caves, water, mythical beings. Good sources for inspiration and creative energy. (2) Female nature spirit who is the guardian of one's birthplace; most prominent feminine aspect of the natural geography at one's birth site. JLH QNO (3) Female counterpart of the Itu Apu. RS QNO (4) Place of origin or dawning. Most ancient and many modern Andean ethnic groups and ayllus consider a particular rock, cave, spring, mountain, or other natural feature as their paqarina. CSCR Portal to the kingdoms of creation. RMFA After the Uñu Pachacuti, Wiracocha made the different peoples out of clay and then painted on the garments that each group was to wear. Each was given its own language, songs, and favorite foods and even hairstyle. Then he sent them to the various regions to which he had assigned them -- the lakes, caves and mountains from which they re-emerged into the light. IAWS (See, Susurpuquio, for an image.)
paqariy: (v) To be born, appear from, originate. TLD
paqcha: (n) A carved and painted staff-like device with a bowl on one end, used in divination ceremonies by Inca priests. MAN
paq’o: (n) (1) Healer, shaman in the Andean tradition. (2) A white llama or alpaca, a confusion of the Spanish who thought that was the Quechua word for the animal. These white animals talked and gave prophecies, which is why they were called paq’os. JLH Alpaca. RMFA
paq’okuna: (n) Medicine people. JLH
para: (n) Rain. QP
Paracas: (n) A culture on the south coast of Peru, one of the first to develop mummification and, probably, ancestor worship, which influenced all later West coastal and Andean cultures. MAN (See, mallqui.)
para-pára: See, hiporúru. THIM
Paratia: A community in the mountains outside Puno. Historically very inaccessible, over the centuries it has received little impact from outside influences. The inhabitants are considered to have the purest lineage of the Inca textiles. IGMP
Pariacaca, Pariya Qaqa: (n) Literally, igneous rock. MOC (1) An ancient pre-Inca god of water, rain and storms, as well as a god of creation. A five-fold being, he was born as a falcon, but assumed a human form later. He was worshipped in the Central Andes and defeated Huallallo Carhuincho. WPO (2) The mountain of the same name which is the embodiment of the god.
pastilla: (n) (Span) Pill. QP
pata: (n) (1) Place. (2) Upper part. (adv) (1) Above. On top of. (2) Because of. TLD
pata pata: (1) A terrace formed of earth, bordered by stones, that kept agriculture from eroding the mountainsides. The most important crop of the pata pata was the potato. (2) Stairs, staircase. TLD
A mountainside with pata patas.
Paullu Inca: (1518-1549) The second Manco Capac's younger half-brother who greatly supported him during the first turbulent months of his rule as puppet-Inca in Cusco. However, when Manco Capac was in rebellion, Paullu sided with the Spanish and seized his opportunity to become puppet-Inca in Cusco. He then embraced the Spanish lifestyle enthusiastically. He wore Spanish clothes, received instruction in the Catholic religion and was baptized Don Melchor Carlos Inca. With the zeal of a fresh convert, he betrayed the location of some of the mummies of his forefathers. HDP An Inca who ruled the empire under Spanish direction. AEAA (See, mallqui and Appendix H.)
Paullu Inca (Don Melchor
Carlos Inca). Drawing by
Felipe Guaman Poma
pawi: (n) Darkness, confusion. PSL
pawikuy: (v) To be confused. PSL
payan: (n) (1) Secondary ceke from energy stored in an energy center; the community level manifestation of the ceke line. (2) A term for categorizing the importance of things, in this case medium. (See, huaca, kollana and kayao.) JLH
payés [Amaz]: (n) A medicine man of the Desana tribe of the Amazon. AYV
Paytiti, Paititi: (n) A mythical jungle city where Inkari lives until he can return to unite the Tawantinsuyu. The masculine counterpart of Miscayani. KOAK The Mythical City of Gold or El Dorado spoken of in many historical writings on the Incas. The Spanish were searching to plunder El Dorado, but more than likely misunderstood the spiritual significance of gold to the Inca. RS
penance (Eng): (n) Atonement for misdeeds. Penances were apt to be severe. They almost always involved fasting, which in Inca terms did not mean going without food altogether but merely without meat and seasonings. A more peculiar penance involved being beaten with nettles by hunchbacks who had been specially employed for this purpose. IAWS
perfumero (Span): A vegetalista who employs different fragrances to use in healing. AYV A vegetalista who has learned the way of the plants by dieting with a perfume extracted from several varieties of teacher plants. EMM
picchu: (n) Peak.
pichay: (v) To sweep; to clean; to erase. RS
Piguerao: (n) Twin brother of Inca god Apocatequil. DRB
Pihca Conqui: A constellation named in the Huarochirí Manuscript and said to consist of a perfect ring of stars. AEAA
pijchuy: (v) To chew coca. PSL
pinkuyllus: (n) Blue rods that go into wiska despachos to deflect disruptive energies. JLH
piri-piri: See, caballo piri-piri.
pischaco: (n) Dis-spirited one who prays on the energy life force of others; the living dead. RS
pisco: (n) A traditional liquor used in ceremonies both divine and profane. It is a product of the European invaders who craved more familiar libations than chicha. A pure, highly potent, aromatic brandy distilled in Peru from a grape called the quebranta, pisco eventually became known by the port from which it was exported.
pitay: (v) To smoke tobacco. QP
Pitu Siray and Sawa Siray: (n) The names of twin peaks, are counted as one of the sacred mountains of the Inca empire. Their mystical significance is duality, yanantin/masintin (dissimilar/similar), hapu ranti (right relationship). JLH (See, Apu.)
Pizarro, Francisco: ca.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. Born in Trujillo, he was an illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman and as a child was an illiterate swineherd. Pizzaro accompanied Ojeda to Colombia in 1510 and was with Balboa when he discovered the Pacific. Hearing of the fabled wealth of the Incas, he formed (1524) a partnership with Diego de Almagro and Fernando de Luque (a priest who secured funds). The first expedition reached the San Juan River, part of the present boundary between Ecuador and Colombia. On the second (1526–28), Pizarro explored the swampy coast farther south while his pilot, Bartolomé Ruiz, crossed the equator and then returned to bring definite news of the southern realms. In 1528 his partners sent him to Spain to secure aid from Emperor Charles V; he achieved this and gained for himself most of the future profits. Sailing south, Pizarro landed at Tumbes (1532) and ascended the Andes to Cajamarca, where the Inca, Atahualpa, awaited him. Professing friendship, he enticed Atahualpa into the power of the Spanish, seized him, exacted a stupendous ransom (See, Rumiñahui), and then treacherously had him executed. The conquest of Peru was virtually completed by the capture of Cusco, which was later defended against Inca forces led by Manco Capac. Pizarro set about consolidating his conquest by founding new settlements, notably the present capital of Peru, Lima, and allotting land and Native Americans to his followers. IPC
Francisco Pizarro, portrait and signature.
Pizarro, by Felipe Guaman Poma de
Pleiades: This constellation is also known as the Seven Sisters. (See, collca.)
point zero: See, zero point.
Poma, de Ayala Felipe: A full-blooded Indian who wrote a book entitled El Primer Nueva Corónica Y Buen Gobierno (New Chronicle and Good Government), a plea to the King Philip III of Spain protesting the Spaniards’ treatment of his people. The manuscript was written over several years and finished in 1613. Through narrative and drawings, he depicted both the history and numerous cultural aspects of the Indians that had only been highlighted by the Spanish chroniclers. The book contained 398 full-page drawings and was 1200 pages long. Fifty years after Philip received it, the book wound up in the collections of the King of Denmark and forgotten. It was rediscovered in 1908.
pompóm (Amaz): (n) One of the birds used in the science of the vegetalistas. AYV
ponq'o: (n) Medicine circle; literally, a dark place in the water where trout gather. It takes the form of an energy exchange from the waynus of the individuals involved. In a group of three, the person at the head sends energy through her waynu, the person lying down transmits that energy, and the person at the feet receives it. The energy turns into luminous filaments, connecting in an oval bubble of light. MBE
poqen kanchay: (n) Where light germinates. TP
poq’po: (n) The luminous body, the energy bubble or field around the body. KOAK
premundos (Span): (n) Preworldly beings. JLH
prisisaqpaq: (adj) Urgent. QP
profeta (Span): (n) Prophet; also, sut'inchaj. PSL
profetizay: (v) To prophesy (sp.); also, sut'inchay. PSL
pucara, pukara: (n) Castle; tower; fort. RS A general Inca term for a stone house or fortification in the mountains. The Awka Runa had particular need of them. MAN
Puca Pucara (Red Fort) is located in the Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuaman
Pucará: A pre-Conquest site and culture in the southern highlands of present-day Peru in the northern basin of Lake Titicaca. The site is known for its unusual horseshoe-shaped temple or sanctuary of stone masonry. Pucará-style stone sculptures and Pucará pottery show resemblances to those of Tiwanako, in the southern Titicaca basin. WBC Pucará flourished as a city-state from about 200 B.C. until about 200 A.D., and constituted a rival polity to Tiwanako. The relationship between these two cities appears to have ranged from intense competition to open hostility. Unlike their counterparts among some other cultures, the pastoralists (herders of animals) of Pucará apparently had no intention of accepting the emissaries of Wiracocha (the influence of Tiwanako). The source of conflict between Pucará and Tiwanako must have lain in the latter’s commitment to fostering the spread of agricultural civilization [see Appendix G UNDER CONSTRUCTION], in which pastoralism would necessarily play a secondary, supporting role, being told where and when to graze their animals. SIMA A line drawn on a map from Tiwanako to Cusco goes directly through Pucará, which is exactly equidistant along this line from Cusco and Tiwanako. This is the Road of Wiracocha. IGMP
pucuypacha: (n) The wet season. AEAA (See, chiraopacha.)
Pucuy Sucanca: Solar pillars in the Cusco area marking the December solstice, the beginning of the rainy season. AEAA (See, pucuypacha, sucanca.)
pucha (AYM): (n) Daughter. ASD
puchara: (n) Sacred place. CHAM
puka-bufeo: (n) The pink river dolphin. (See, bufeo colorado.)
puka chirapa: (n) The red rainbow, which is invisible and causes the illness pukaungo. AYV
puka-chukchas: (n) Literally, red haired. Men that travel in the rear of the Aceropunta. They look after the ropes so that no enemy will cause harm to those in the ship while they are performing their healing arts. AYV (See, picture at warmi murayas.)
puka-lupuna: (n) Also known as lupuna colorado (Cavanillesia hylogeiton). This tree’s mama is very useful to sorcerers who do evil; her knowledge is almost always turned towards sorcery and rarely toward curanderos that heal and save lives. This tree also demands a rigorous diet or immediate death awaits. The tree connects the underwater world with outer space. In Shipibo cosmology the tree is usually hollow and contains fish, the water of its interior communicating with the waters of the subaquatic region. The original Shipibo souls rose through the hollow trunk to reach Heaven. The puka-lupuna is a great magician that developed in other dimensions and came to possess this tree. The kapukiri produced by this tree has the person feeling as if his/her head grows larger and feels a smarting all over. The illness is most often located in the stomach. If the patient is a pregnant woman, the newborn baby looks rachitic [as if it has rickets]. AYV (See, palero.)
The trunk and leaves of a puka-lupuna.
puka-ninaruna: (n) Literally, people of the red flame. This type of yakuruna lives in the largest of the underwater cities and is invoked by the murayas as an ally to control the anguila mama, sea monsters, thunder and storms. AYV
puka-purahua (Amaz): (n) A great water snake that shoots magnetic rays from her eyes by which she is able to attract anything coming from above. She can transform herself into boats of various shapes. AYV
puka-urcutucu: (n) The red owl, seen in the image at sacramachaco, has eyes of fire and guards the shamans while they are curing. AYV
Pukina: (n) An ancient [extinct] language of the Tiwanako State -- mother tongue of Aymara -- was the most prestigious language spoken by the elite of governors. WAO2 The secret language of the Inca which they used to discuss the mysteries of the healing arts. IMAX [Although there are claims on the internet made by various tour companies that several groups in the Lake Titicaca and Altiplano area still speak Pukina, linguists count Pukina among the dead languages of the world. -- Patt]
pukio, pujyu, pukyu: (n) (1) Well of light, like a chakra or energy center. JLH (2) A spring. Well or fountain. PSL
pukllay: (v) To play (a game). (n) (1) A game, sports match. QP (2) The playing out of a ritual. QNO
pukuchu: (n) A bag made from the fur of an alpaca born dead, aborted or dies immediately after birth. ROR A little bag marked with yarn tassels made of the skin of an unborn (aborted) llama which holds coca leaves. This bag is used by women in the Andes in soul retrieval ceremonies to hold the retrieved soul part until it can be returned to the individual. JLH
puma: (n) A lion (Puma concolor), also mountain lion, cougar, or panther, is a mammal of the Felidae family, native to the Americas. This large, solitary cat has the greatest range of any wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere, extending from Yukon in Canada to the southern Andes of South America. An adaptable, generalist species, the puma is found in every major New World habitat type. It is the second heaviest cat in the New World, after the jaguar, and the fourth heaviest in the world, after the tiger, lion, and jaguar, although it is most closely related to smaller felines. A capable stalk-and-ambush predator, the puma pursues a wide variety of prey. It prefers habitats with dense underbrush for stalking, but it can live in open areas. The puma is territorial and persists at low population densities. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. While it is a large predator, it is not always the dominant species in its range. It is a reclusive cat and usually avoids people. With its vast range, the cougar has dozens of names and various references in the mythology of the indigenous peoples of the Americas and in contemporary culture. WIKI (2) An archetype of the Kaypacha. (See, Puma Runa.) IGMP The puma is sometimes interchanged in this mythology with the jaguar, although the two species have different habitat preferences. For example, Cusco is sometimes called the Jaguar City, although a section of the city is named the Pumap Chupan, or Tail of the Puma. (See, Appendix D for map.) Some teachers of Inca shamanism use the jaguar as the archetype of the Kaypacha. PGO
The puma, or mountain lion, is an archetype for the Kaypacha.
This video from National Geo has wonderful footage of an Andean puma,
as well as condors, foxes and guanacos in the wild.
Puma Runa: There are a lot of these Puma People coming to Earth at this time, coming with the new Pachacuti. The puma is a warrior. The puma has balance. The puma has purpose. The Puma Runa have these same qualities in their spiritual quest as they experience all the worlds and their realities. A potential puma lives in every person. The puma walks alone, so part of our spiritual journey is alone. Only you can bring the heavy energies from inside of you. The great teaching of the puma is that it is the animal with the least ego, never seeking to be seen. You don’t see the puma, only where it has been. IGMP
pumas-sirenas: (n) Mythical creatures with the body and a hair of a woman but the face of a tiger, with very hypnotic tails. They are used by the murayas to catch the bufeos colorados who sometimes rob women and make them pregnant. With the help of the puma-sirenas, the murayas are able to rescue these women and release them from their pregnancy (sp). AYV
puna: (n) Lofty region; elevated, cold plain. RS Usually above 12,000 feet, treeless and covered in grass. CSCR Land over 3,900 meters above sea level. RDP (See, quechua, suni)
Punchao, Punchau, p'unchaw: (n) (1) Young androgynous child (4 or 5 yrs. old) that is an archetype of God, the Light of Lights. JLH (2) Another name for the Inca sun god. He was usually depicted as a warrior armed with darts. WMO (3) The principal image of the Coricancha. Meaning day, image of the sun or image of the dawn, a cast gold man-sized effigy described by Viceroy Toledo as having "a heart of dough in a golden chalice inside the body of the idol, this dough being of a powder made from the hearts of dead Incas." This most important image of Inti was captured with Tupac Amaru [in Vilcabamba in 1572] and probably melted for its gold by Viceroy Toledo. COI There is an account that it exists in the royal collections of Spain. WME The statue was kept in a shed located in front of that square [in front of the Coricancha] which was used to venerate Punchao (a representation of the Sun that consisted of a pure-gold statue that was as high as a ten-year old child). It remained there during the day and in the night was taken to the square to be worshiped; the idol "slept" accompanied by many ñust’as in a close shed, outside the ground, and then it was returned to its original place in the morning. CPO (4) Day. RS (See, Epunamun, mallqui.)
punkisqa: (adj) Swollen. PSL
punkiy: (v) To swell. PSL
Puno: A city near Lake Titicaca. According to legend, Manco Capac, the first Inca, rose from the Lake and traveled by what is now Puno on his way to Cusco. Later, he returned to the Lake and stopped to rest in Puno. (See, puñuy.) IGMP
Punpuri: (n) Village north of PotosÍ where believers crawl around the cemetery at midnight hoping to be healed by the local saint. PSL
puñuchiy: (v) To put to sleep. PSL
puñuna: (n) Bed. PSL
puñuskiri: (adj) Eternally deadened. RS
puñuy: (v) To sleep. PSL
puñuy atiy, puñuy atiwan: (v) To be sleepy. PSL
puñuy aysay: (adj) Sleepy. QP
puñuysapa: (adj) Sleepy, drowsy. PSL
Puquín Cancha: A temple of the sun on the hill of Puquín where a portion of the Capac Raymi celebrations took place. AEAA
purahua (Amaz): See, supay-lancha.
puru: (n) A drinking vessel made from a tropical gourd used in ritual. ROR
purucaya: (n) Festival honoring the Sapa Incas. HOI
purun llaqta: (n) Ruins. QP
puruña: (n) An earthen jar used in rituals to hold water. ROR
Purun Runa: (n) The people of the Third Sun. Literally, the wild people. Despite their name, civilization was increasing in complexity: people had learned to spin, dye and weave llama wool; they practiced more sophisticated agriculture, they mined and worked metals. The population of the world increased, and people found it necessary to migrate from the Andes into the lowlands. They lived in towns, each with its own king, and there was conflict between towns and regions. The people generally called their creator Pachacamac in this era. MAN (See, pachacuti.)
pururaucas: (n) Stones miraculously turned into warriors during the seige of Cusco. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui called upon divine help in the war against the Chancas, whereupon the stones in the field rose up as armed men to fight beside the Inca. After the battle, Pachacuti ordered the stones gathered up and distributed among the city’s shrines. The stones became huacas. MAN
pusanga (Amaz): (n) Spell, witchcraft; a talisman charged to dominate or attract sexually. THIM AYV Love magic ritual of the Peruvian Amazon that causes one (either male or female) to fall madly in love with the other person (for sex, love or marriage purposes). In Peru this practice is very common, and is widely and accepted by all parts of society, without the negative associations in Western culture. EMM
pusaq: (n) A guide (person). QP
Putukusi: The name of the female mountain just at the entrance to the ruins of Machu Picchu. Her name means Flowering Joy. QNO: Always flowering or always happy mountain. IGMP
pututu, putu: (n) Sea shell or cow horn trumpet. PSL