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To fully reap the benefit of this document, I recommend that you read the Intro before you begin the glossary. The contents will assist you in navigating the glossary and enhance your understanding.


Glossary of Terminology
of the Shamanic & Ceremonial Traditions
of the Inca Medicine Lineage

as Practiced in the United States

CAUTION: The inclusion of herbs, symptomatology and treatments for disease within this glossary
is not meant for diagnosis of, nor prescription for treatment of, any medical condition.
This information is included for anthropological and historical study only.


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Ch, Ch' & Chh
F & G
K' & Kh
N & Ñ
P', Ph
Q', Qh
T' & Th


    Use the Firefox browser with the CoolPreview add on. CoolPreview will give a magnifying glass icon at every link when you put your cursor on the link. Click on the icon and it will open a separate, smaller window with the definition of the term in it. You can either lock the window by clicking the padlock icon in the top bar of the little window, or move your cursor off the window and it will automatically close. This is almost as good as mouseovers.



    Sources in this color refer to books. See bibliography.

    Sources in this color are/were web sites.

    2B =

    AAI =

    AAO =

    ABMP = Sounding Indigenous, Bigenho

    ACA = Ancient Civilizations of the Andes, Means

    ACAI = The Andean Codex, J.E. Williams

    ACES = At the Crossroads of Earth and Sky, Urton

    ADN =

    AEAA = Astronomy and Empire in the Ancient Andes, Bauer and Dearborn

    AHC =

    AHN =

    AJD = American Journal of Dermatology and Genito-urinary Diseases, Ashmead

    AKP = The Ancient Kingdoms of Peru, Davies

    AMC =

    AMH =

    AMZ =

    ANC =

    ANON1 = anonymous donor 1. Click * for explanation.

    AP1 = Associated Press, 11/22/06 “Peruvian archaeologists excavate tombs”

    APC =

    AQGD = Ayacucho Quechua Grammar and Dictionary, Parker

    ARC =

    ASD = Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara

    AWC =

    AWW = A Woman's World, Bond

    AYV = Ayahuasca Visions, Luna

    AVO = my notes from Alberto Villoldo, various writings and lectures

    AWE =

    BGH =

    BLC = Beyond the Lettered City, Rappaport and Cummins

    BNY =

    BOA =

    BOC =

    BRH = Boanerges, Harris

    CBV =

    CCDM = Carlos Castaneda, Details Magazine.

    CCPB = notes taken at the Phoenix Book Store with Carlos Castaneda

    CCVW = Carlos Castaneda, various books

    CDC =

    CDN =

    CHAM = Chamalu, Luis Espinoza

    CHE =

    CIPC =

    CMPSL = Choquequirao to Machu Picchu at the speed of light, Lee

    COI = Conquest of the Incas, Hemming

    CPC =

    CPO =

    CPC =

    CSCR = Cut Stones and Crossroads, Wright

    CSK =

    DAJG = Diary of an Amazon Jungle Guide, Beaver.

    DCGB = Deepak Chopra in God and Buddha: a Dialogue (DVD)

    DCM = Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Zimmerman

    DCR = Domination and Cultural Resistance, Rasnake

    DIA = Deathing: An Intelligent Alternative for the Final Moments of Life, Foos-Graber

    DNS = Drum and Stethoscope, Bastien

    DPI =

    DQ = Diccionario Quechua, Ladron

    DRB =

    DRC =

    DUKE =

    EEC =

    EFD =

    ELC =

    EMA = Exploring Medical Anthropology, Joralemon

    EMM =

    EMTW =

    EOG = Encyclopedia of the Gods, Jordan

    EOL = [Encyclopedia of Life]

    EOTI = Empire of the Inca, Brundage

    EPA = Preliminary Ethnoboany of the Peruvian Amazon, Bodley

    EPP = Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants, Rätsch

    ES = Eric Sirotkin, Sentient Times

    ETH = Eduardo the Healer, DVD

    EWO =

    FACA =

    FAE =

    FNCGG = The First New Chronicle and Good Government, Poma

    FOD =

    FOG = Fingerprints of the Gods, Hancock

    FOP = Flora of Peru, MacBride

    FPRA = Food, Power, and Resistance in the Andes, Krögel

    GCA =

    GCC =

    GM =

    GMP = Ghosts of Machu Picchu, Nova, PBS 2010 DVD

    GNO = Gnosis Magazine, John Perkins

    GOL = The Gift of Life, Glass-Coffin.

    GPA = El primer nueva coronica y buen gobierno, Poma de Ayala.

    GSC = The Gods and Social Change in the High Andes, Gow

    GVO =

    HDP =

    HGP = Historia general del Peru, de Morua

    HIM = Handbook of Inca Mythology, Steele

    HOI = History of the Incas, Sarmiento de Gamboa

    HS1 =

    IAWS = Mythology, Illustrated Anthology of World Myth & Storytelling

    IBCN = Spiritual Encounters, Griffiths

    ICC = Inca Civilization in Cuzco, Zuidema

    ICHB = Inca Cosmology and the Human Body, Classen

    IEBJ = Initiation, Jenkins

    IGMP = Andean Awakening, Delgado

    IHC =

    IHT =

    IMAX = IMAX - Amazon (DVD)

    INC = = www.

    IPC =

    IPT =

    IPWY = Presence, the Inherence of the Prototype……, Shepherd

    IRC = Inca Religion and Customs, Cobo

    ITA = The Incas and their Ancestors, Moseley

    ITQ = Introduction to Quechua, Noble

    ISEM =

    JAR = Journal of Anthropological Research

    JLH = Jose Luis Herrera, various lectures

    JNP = Juan Nunez del Prado

    JP = John Perkins, The World Is As You Dream It

    JQJ =

    KOAK = Keepers of the Ancient knowledge, Wilcox

    KVI = Kintui, Vision of the Incas, Ayani

    LAH =

    LAT1 = Los Angeles Times, May 15, 2007

    LAT2 = Los Angeles Times, Nov. 16-18, 1999

    LCL =

    LDC =

    LPB =

    LTO =

    LUN =

    MAAM = Museo de Arqueología de Alta Montaña,

    MAN = Mythology of the American Nations, Jones and Molyneaux

    MAR = aymara/inca.html

    MAY =

    MBE =

    MDM = Myths, Dreams, and Mysteries, Eliade

    MGWP = The Mind Game, Torrey

    MHP = Rios, The Master Healer in Peru,

    MJO =

    MLN =

    MOC = Mountain of the Condor, Bastien

    MP = Magical Passes, Castañeda

    MPA = Medical Pluralism in the Andes, Koss-Chioino

    MPO =

    MSIN = conference paper The Concept of Plants as Teachers among four Mestizo Shamans of Iquitos, Northeastern Perú, Luna

    MSNBC2-07 =, Feb. 2007

    MSNBC7-13 =

    NCA = Nature and Culture in the Andes, Gade

    NCBI =

    NCB2 =

    NDC =

    NFL =

    NGEO1 = National Geographic News, April 22, 2002

    NGEO2 =

    NGEO3 =  National Geographic Magazine, May 2002

    NGEO4 =

    NGEO5 = National Geographic Magazine, November 1999

    NGEO6 =

    NGEO7 = National Geographic Magazine, April 1913

    NGEO8 =

    NGM8 =

    NIH = National Institute of Health

    NMHI = The Natural and Moral History of the Indies, de Acosta

    NND =

    NPM = high1.html

    NWFO =

    OCG =

    OCM =, Contradictories, and Mediation for Web Page.pdf

    ODP = Origins of Domestication, etc., Emshwiller

    OMQ = Oscar Miro-Quesada, from his various writings.

    OT = oral transmission.

    OWJ =

    PBS =

    PBS2 =

    PCO =

    PDA = Encantado: Pink Dolphin of the Amazon, Montgomery

    PDB =

    PFU =

    PGO = Patt Grantham O’Neill, personal definitions I write when I cannot find a good one elsewhere.

    PKC =

    PMO =

    POM = The Power of Myth, Campbell

    POP = Portals of Power, Langdon

    POS = Power of Silence, Castaneda

    PRM = Pilgrimage and Ritual Movement (paper)

    PSL =  Bolivian Quechua

    PSPM = Pachakuti Mesa, Magee

    PTC =

    PTO =

    PUE =

    PYS = Don Juan de Santa Cruz Pachacuti-Yamqui Salcamayhua

    QISLI = Q'ero: In Search of the Last of the Incas, Nava

    QNO =

    QP = Quechua Phrasebook , Coronel-Molina

    QPAWN =

    RAVI = Religion in the Andes, McCormack

    REPC = Ruiz as an Ethnopharmacologist in Peru and Chile, Schultes [taxonomy accuracy questionable]

    RCL = Return of the Children of Light, Polich

    RDP = Raíces del Presente, Sebastiano.

    RFC =

    RFD =

    RFRC = Ritual Feting and Religious Conversion in an Ancient Native American Empire, Mosely

    RHCD = Random House College Dictionary

    ROR = Rituals of Respect, Bolin

    RS =

    RSN =

    RTR =

    RTZ1 =

    SAAO =

    SAI = Secrets of the Ancient Incas, Langevin

    SBC =

    SCCM = Sacred Contracts, Myss

    SCU =

    SD = Shaman’s Drum, Winter 1996

    SDC =

    SEB =

    SEES = Crowell's Spanish-English and English-Spanish Dictionary

    SHC =

    SIH = The Shape of Inca History, Niles

    SIMA = The Secret of the Incas: Myth, Astronomy, and the War Against Time, Sullivan

    SIP =

    SLI = Sacred Landscape of the Inca, Bauer

    SOM = Stranger in Our Midst, Furst and Reed

    SPP =

    SPRH = Symbolism and Physiology of Ritual Healing ….., Joralemon

    SR = Soul Retrieval, Mending the Fragmented Self, Ingerman

    SRK =

    SSB =

    SSCC = Sorcery and Shamanism: Curanderos and Clients in Northern Peru, Joralemon and Sharon.

    SVI = The Sacred Valley of the Incas: Myths and Symbols, Elorrieta Salazar

    SWCC =

    SXHU = [no www]

    SYFY =

    TAI = Tiwanaku: Ancestors of the Inca, Young-Sánchez

    TAV = The Awakening Valley, Collier and Buitrón

    TCF =

    TCH =

    TDJ = The Teachings of Don Juan, Castaneda

    TEG = The Eagle’s Gift, Castaneda

    TEQ = The Eagle’s Quest, Wolf

    TGOP = The Gate of Paradise, Chamalú

    THIM = The Three Halves of Ino Moxo

    TKI = Talking Knots of the Inka, Domenici

    TLD = Tri-Lingual Dictionary, Hornberger

    TP = Theo Paredes (my class notes and personal correspondence)

    TPM = The Pachakúti Mesa, Magee

    TRIB1 = A Key Checkerboard Pattern Tunic of the Linden Museum: First Steps in Breaking the Tocapu Code? TRIBUS 2007, vol. 56 - Abstract

    TSB = The Shaman’s Body, Mindell

    TOP = Tales of Power, Castaneda

    TP = Theo Paredes (my class notes)

    TWR = Geshe Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche (my class notes)

    UNDC =

    UTE =

    VLA = Vocabulario de la Langua Aymara, Bertonio

    VTFD = Voices of the First Day, Lawlor

    WAC =

    WAGA =

    WAH =

    WAHC =

    WAIC =

    WAN =

    WANC =

    WAO =

    WAO2 =

    WAW =

    WAWC =

    WAZ =

    WBC =

    WBT =

    WCC =

    WCE = [World Culture Encyclopedia] Canelos-Quichua-Religion-and-Expressive-Culture.html

    WCF =

    WCH =

    WDH =

    WDPO =

    WEA =

    WEAD =

    WEB =

    WEBMD =

    WEC =

    WELF =

    WFH =

    WFP = Aristotelia chilensis.htm

    WGA =,pre-columbian-inca,274690.html

    WGC =

    WGMX =

    WGRT = Cocaine: White Gold Rush in Peru, Morales

    WHAC =

    WHC =

    WHH =

    WHR =

    WIA =

    WIC =

    WIKI = (no www)

    WIKID =

    WIKIQ =

    WILT =

    WIP =

    WISC =

    WLC =

    WIPC =

    WLMC =

    WKC =

    WMC =

    WMG =

    WMGE =

    WMO =

    WMOP =

    WME =

    WMYS =

    WNC =

    WNET = PBS documentary Andes: The Dragon's Back

    WODO =

    WOTW = Wizard of the Four Winds, Sharon

    WOTC = Warriors of the Clouds, Muscutt

    WP =

    WP2 =

    WPAP =

    WPMC =

    WPC =

    WPG =

    WPH = Eduardo el Curandero, Calderón

    WPO =

    WPS =

    WQC =

    WQN =

    WRIC =

    WRT =

    WSC1 =

    WSC2 =

    WSC3 =

    WSC4 =

    WSC5 =

    WSDC =

    WSEC =

    WSS =

    WTC =

    WUTE =

    WVU =

    WWKN =

    WWOC =

    WWP =

    WWPE =

    Many of the photographs, graphics and some of the text in this glossary are copyrighted and the intellectual property of others. No copyright infringement is intended and no financial gain for any individual will be made from these pages. This glossary has been assembled for educational purposes only and follows the fair use doctrine of the copyright laws.

    *The contributor ANON1 wishes to remain anonymous in respectful deference to his teachers' concerns regarding possible notoriety. The author of this entry has been a student of Peruvian ceremonial traditions for over a decade.  His contributions to this Quechua glossary were composed during his three years based in Cusco, Peru, where he experienced Quechua immersion in small Andean communities and actively studied records of the history of Andean cosmology.  These definitions are a product of that time spent in close contact with the specific traditions of Cusco, and likely reflect the idiosyncrasies of the language and culture of that region.

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First Edition (c) 2007 Patt O'Neill. All rights reserved. This site was originally published 6-13-07
Second Edition (c) 2008 Patt O'Neill. All rights reserved. Published Jan. 2008.
Third Edition (c) 2014 Patt O'Neill. All rights reserved. Published April 2014
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