The Editor Suggests :

To fully reap the benefit of this document, I recommend that you read the Intro before you begin the glossary. The contents will assist you in navigating the glossary and enhance your understanding.

 

Glossary of Terminology
of the Shamanic & Ceremonial Traditions
of the Inca Medicine Lineage

as Practiced in the United States

CAUTION: The inclusion of herbs, symptomatology and treatments for disease within this glossary
is not meant for diagnosis of, nor prescription for treatment of, any medical condition.
This information is included for anthropological and historical study only.

 

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APPENDICES
INDEX



ALPHABET:
A
B
C
Ch, Ch' & Chh
D
E
F & G
H
I
J
K
K' & Kh
L
Ll
M
N & Ñ
O
P
P', Ph
Q
Q', Qh
R
S
T
T' & Th
U
V
W
Y
Z
 

    NAVIGATION TIP:

    Use the Firefox browser with the CoolPreview add on. CoolPreview will give a magnifying glass icon at every link when you put your cursor on the link. Click on the icon and it will open a separate, smaller window with the definition of the term in it. You can either lock the window by clicking the padlock icon in the top bar of the little window, or move your cursor off the window and it will automatically close. This is almost as good as mouseovers.


    GLOSSARY NEVER TO BE SOLD

    TEXT SOURCES


    Sources in this color refer to books. See bibliography.

    Sources in this color are/were web sites.

    2B = lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/peru/pe_glos.html#ayllu

    AAI = amazonartinstitute.com/id67.html

    AAO = www.ayahuascaassociation.org

    ABMP = Sounding Indigenous, Bigenho

    ACA = Ancient Civilizations of the Andes, Means

    ACAI = The Andean Codex, J.E. Williams

    ACES = At the Crossroads of Earth and Sky, Urton

    ADN = azarius.net

    AEAA = Astronomy and Empire in the Ancient Andes, Bauer and Dearborn

    AHC = www.amazonhub.com

    AHN = www.geocities.com/apiskui/huichol/nierika1.html

    AJD = American Journal of Dermatology and Genito-urinary Diseases, Ashmead

    AKP = The Ancient Kingdoms of Peru, Davies

    AMC = amazonmedicine.com

    AMH =  www.amherst.k12.wi.us/userwebs/faculty/gorddebr/myths/Incacrea.html

    AMZ = amazon.com

    ANC = www.aphrodisiacsnatural.com/anibacanelilla.html

    ANON1 = anonymous donor 1. Click * for explanation.

    AP1 = Associated Press, 11/22/06 “Peruvian archaeologists excavate tombs”

    APC = awkipuma.com/en/somos_maestro.html

    AQGD = Ayacucho Quechua Grammar and Dictionary, Parker

    ARC = www.anniesremedy.com

    ASD = Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara

    AWC = ayahuaska.wordpress.com/

    AWW = A Woman's World, Bond

    AYV = Ayahuasca Visions, Luna

    AVO = my notes from Alberto Villoldo, various writings and lectures

    AWE = www.anthropology.wisc.edu

    BGH = www.crystalinks.com/bighorn.html

    BLC = Beyond the Lettered City, Rappaport and Cummins

    BNY = www.boletindenewyork.com/glavarello.oceanus....htm

    BOA = www.biopark.org

    BOC = bruceowen.com/contisuyo/VirtualMuseoE.html

    BRH = Boanerges, Harris

    CBV = larepublica.pe/blogs/andares/2013/05/01/el-codigo-blas-valera/

    CCDM = Carlos Castaneda, Details Magazine.

    CCPB = notes taken at the Phoenix Book Store with Carlos Castaneda

    CCVW = Carlos Castaneda, various books

    CDC = ceramicus.dunmarsh.com

    CDN = www.cusco.net

    CHAM = Chamalu, Luis Espinoza

    CHE = users.ap.net/~chenae/spirit.html

    CIPC = cipotato.org/

    CMPSL = Choquequirao to Machu Picchu at the speed of light, Lee

    COI = Conquest of the Incas, Hemming

    CPC = www.cusco-peru.com

    CPO = www.cusco-peru.org

    CPC = www.camayocperu.com/

    CSCR = Cut Stones and Crossroads, Wright

    CSK = www.commonsensekundalini.com/science_spirituality/centering-and-breathing.html

    DAJG = Diary of an Amazon Jungle Guide, Beaver.

    DCGB = Deepak Chopra in God and Buddha: a Dialogue (DVD)

    DCM = Dictionary of Classical Mythology, Zimmerman

    DCR = Domination and Cultural Resistance, Rasnake

    DIA = Deathing: An Intelligent Alternative for the Final Moments of Life, Foos-Graber

    DNS = Drum and Stethoscope, Bastien

    DPI = davidpratt.info/andes2.htm

    DQ = Diccionario Quechua, Ladron

    DRB = www.daemonraven.bravehost.com/inca.html

    DRC = dictionary.reference.com

    DUKE = www.ars-grin.gov/duke/syllabus/module8.htm

    EEC = www.enciclopediadelecuador.com

    EFD = encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com

    ELC = entheology.com

    EMA = Exploring Medical Anthropology, Joralemon

    EMM = www.ayahuasca-shamanism.co.uk/

    EMTW = www.taijiworld.com/

    EOG = Encyclopedia of the Gods, Jordan

    EOL = eol.org [Encyclopedia of Life]

    EOTI = Empire of the Inca, Brundage

    EPA = Preliminary Ethnoboany of the Peruvian Amazon, Bodley

    EPP = Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants, Rätsch

    ES = Eric Sirotkin, Sentient Times

    ETH = Eduardo the Healer, DVD

    EWO = en.wikipedia.org

    FACA = findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2603/is_0003/ai_2603000312

    FAE = www.fuerzasarmadasecuador.org/english/historia/reinoquitoatahualpa.htm

    FNCGG = The First New Chronicle and Good Government, Poma

    FOD = www.thefreedictionary.com

    FOG = Fingerprints of the Gods, Hancock

    FOP = Flora of Peru, MacBride

    FPRA = Food, Power, and Resistance in the Andes, Krögel

    GCA = www.geocities.com/andians/Gb.htm

    GCC = glossary.cassiopaea.com/glossary.php?id=397

    GM = www.gaiameditations.com

    GMP = Ghosts of Machu Picchu, Nova, PBS 2010 DVD

    GNO = Gnosis Magazine, John Perkins

    GOL = The Gift of Life, Glass-Coffin.

    GPA = El primer nueva coronica y buen gobierno, Poma de Ayala.

    GSC = The Gods and Social Change in the High Andes, Gow

    GVO = globalvoicesonline.org/2012/01/16/peru-capac-raymi-the-andean-christmas/

    HDP = www.hc09.dial.pipex.com

    HGP = Historia general del Peru, de Morua

    HIM = Handbook of Inca Mythology, Steele

    HOI = History of the Incas, Sarmiento de Gamboa

    HS1 = www.howstuffworks.com

    IAWS = Mythology, Illustrated Anthology of World Myth & Storytelling

    IBCN = Spiritual Encounters, Griffiths

    ICC = Inca Civilization in Cuzco, Zuidema

    ICHB = Inca Cosmology and the Human Body, Classen

    IEBJ = Initiation, Jenkins

    IGMP = Andean Awakening, Delgado

    IHC = indiaheals.blogspot.com

    IHT = www.iht.com/slideshows/2007/02/12/america/web.0212bolivia_SLIDE.php

    IMAX = IMAX - Amazon (DVD)

    INC = www.inkanatura.com/choquequirau.asp

    ins.gob.pe = www. ins.gob.pe

    IPC = www.infoplease.com

    IPT = www.iquitostimes.com/giant_armadillo.htm

    IPWY = Presence, the Inherence of the Prototype……, Shepherd

    IRC = Inca Religion and Customs, Cobo

    ITA = The Incas and their Ancestors, Moseley

    ITQ = Introduction to Quechua, Noble

    ISEM = www.ISSSEEM.org

    JAR = Journal of Anthropological Research

    JLH = Jose Luis Herrera, various lectures

    JNP = Juan Nunez del Prado

    JP = John Perkins, The World Is As You Dream It

    JQJ = www.jqjacobs.net/andes/cosmology.html

    KOAK = Keepers of the Ancient knowledge, Wilcox

    KVI = Kintui, Vision of the Incas, Ayani

    LAH = latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/theconquestofperu/p/09teocajas.htm

    LAT1 = Los Angeles Times, May 15, 2007

    LAT2 = Los Angeles Times, Nov. 16-18, 1999

    LCL = www.lithiccastinglab.com/gallery-pages/2002octoberconopapage1.htm

    LDC = www.labrynthina.com

    LPB = sites.google.com/site/lottphilipbolivia/Bolivian-Quechua-Dictionary

    LTO = library.thinkquest.org

    LUN = lynx.uio.no

    MAAM = Museo de Arqueología de Alta Montaña, http://maam.org.ar/

    MAN = Mythology of the American Nations, Jones and Molyneaux

    MAR = www.mc.maricopa.edu/~reffland/anthropology/anthro2003/archy/ aymara/inca.html

    MAY = mx.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071129085213AAemUWt

    MBE = home.earthlink.net/~megbeeler

    MDM = Myths, Dreams, and Mysteries, Eliade

    MGWP = The Mind Game, Torrey

    MHP = Rios, The Master Healer in Peru, www.onirogenia.com/chamanismos/el-maestro-curandero-en-el-peru-historia-medicina-y-magia/

    MJO = www.mythicjourneys.org

    MLN = www.magialuna.net

    MOC = Mountain of the Condor, Bastien

    MP = Magical Passes, Castañeda

    MPA = Medical Pluralism in the Andes, Koss-Chioino

    MPO = www.myperu.org

    MSIN = conference paper The Concept of Plants as Teachers among four Mestizo Shamans of Iquitos, Northeastern Perú, Luna

    MSNBC2-07 = MSNBC.com, Feb. 2007

    MSNBC7-13 = www.nbcnews.com/science/inca-child-sacrifices-were-drunk-stoned-weeks-death-6C10784197

    NCA = Nature and Culture in the Andes, Gade

    NCBI = www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10617066

    NCB2 = www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20152892

    NDC = www.nagual.com

    NFL = www.nflc.org/REACH/7ca/enCAInca.htm

    NGEO1 = National Geographic News, April 22, 2002

    NGEO2 = news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/04/0409_020417_machumap.html

    NGEO3 =  National Geographic Magazine, May 2002

    NGEO4 = magma.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0206/feature5/index.html

    NGEO5 = National Geographic Magazine, November 1999

    NGEO6 = news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/09/090918-peru-tomb-moche-male-priestesses_2.html

    NGEO7 = National Geographic Magazine, April 1913

    NGEO8 = news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/07/130729-inca-mummy-maiden-sacrifice-coca-alcohol-drug-mountain-andes-children/

    NGM8 = ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/04/inca-empire/pringle-text/2

    NIH = National Institute of Health

    NMHI = The Natural and Moral History of the Indies, de Acosta

    NND = www.netnaturdoktoren.dk/ordbog.htm

    NPM = www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/peru/mummies/ high1.html

    NWFO = www.nwf.org/News-and-Magazines

    OCG = oncommonground.blogspot.com/2014/02/the-ayahuasca-diaries-transformation.html

    OCM = myweb.lmu.edu/snason/Research_and_Writing_files/Opposites, Contradictories, and Mediation for Web Page.pdf

    ODP = Origins of Domestication, etc., Emshwiller

    OMQ = Oscar Miro-Quesada, from his various writings.

    OT = oral transmission.

    OWJ = www.ourworldjourney.com/peru/

    PBS = www.pbs.org/opb/conquistadors/peru/adventure1/b2.htm

    PBS2 = www.pbs.org/opb/conquistadors/teachers/pdf/unit2.pdf

    PCO = incas.perucultural.org.pe

    PDA = Encantado: Pink Dolphin of the Amazon, Montgomery

    PDB = www.plantsdb.gr/en/

    PFU = plantsforuse.com

    PGO = Patt Grantham O’Neill, personal definitions I write when I cannot find a good one elsewhere.

    PKC = www.poqenkanchay.com

    PMO = www.pachamama.org

    POM = The Power of Myth, Campbell

    POP = Portals of Power, Langdon

    POS = Power of Silence, Castaneda

    PRM = Pilgrimage and Ritual Movement (paper)

    PSL = www.geocities.com/phillott/Bolivia/Dictionary02.htm  Bolivian Quechua

    PSPM = Pachakuti Mesa, Magee

    PTC = psychotropia.co

    PTO = www.psychologytoday.com/blog/

    PUE = www-personal.umich.edu/~jlvoris/thesis.html

    PYS = Don Juan de Santa Cruz Pachacuti-Yamqui Salcamayhua

    QISLI = Q'ero: In Search of the Last of the Incas, Nava

    QNO = www.quechuanetwork.org

    QP = Quechua Phrasebook , Coronel-Molina

    QPAWN = qpawn.wikia.com/wiki/Inca_Empire

    RAVI = Religion in the Andes, McCormack

    REPC = Ruiz as an Ethnopharmacologist in Peru and Chile, Schultes [taxonomy accuracy questionable]

    RCL = Return of the Children of Light, Polich

    RDP = Raíces del Presente, Sebastiano.

    RFC = www.rainforestconservation.org

    RFD = rainforest-database.com

    RFRC = Ritual Feting and Religious Conversion in an Ancient Native American Empire, Mosely

    RHCD = Random House College Dictionary

    ROR = Rituals of Respect, Bolin

    RS = runasimi.de

    RSN = www.robertschoch.net/Mystery%20of%20Markawasi.htm

    RTR = releasethereality.com

    RTZ1 = www.colorado.edu/Conferences/pilgrimage/papers/Zuidema.html

    SAAO = www.saa.org/publications/saabulletin/17-2/SAA1.html

    SAI = Secrets of the Ancient Incas, Langevin

    SBC = www.spanish.sbc.edu

    SCCM = Sacred Contracts, Myss

    SCU = www.shamanism.co.uk

    SD = Shaman’s Drum, Winter 1996

    SDC = www.sciencedaily.com

    SEB = spiritualemergency.blogspot.com/2006/01/shamanism-schizophrenia.html

    SEES = Crowell's Spanish-English and English-Spanish Dictionary

    SHC = www.sacredheritage.com/andean.html

    SIH = The Shape of Inca History, Niles

    SIMA = The Secret of the Incas: Myth, Astronomy, and the War Against Time, Sullivan

    SIP = www.spanishinperu.com

    SLI = Sacred Landscape of the Inca, Bauer

    SOM = Stranger in Our Midst, Furst and Reed

    SPP = www.spiritpathperu.com/west/plants/ayahuaska.html

    SPRH = Symbolism and Physiology of Ritual Healing ….., Joralemon

    SR = Soul Retrieval, Mending the Fragmented Self, Ingerman

    SRK = www.sriramakrishnamath.org

    SSB = stealthsurvival.blogspot.com

    SSCC = Sorcery and Shamanism: Curanderos and Clients in Northern Peru, Joralemon and Sharon.

    SVI = The Sacred Valley of the Incas: Myths and Symbols, Elorrieta Salazar

    SWCC = studentwebs.coloradocollege.edu/~m_pike/welcome.htm

    SXHU = sxhu.org [no www]

    SYFY = www.syfy.com/ghosthuntersinternational/episodes/season/3/episode/307/temple_of_doom_peru

    TAI = Tiwanaku: Ancestors of the Inca, Young-Sánchez

    TAV = The Awakening Valley, Collier and Buitrón

    TCF = www.thefeaturedcreature.com/2013/05/

    TCH = www.tropilab.com/hura-cre.html

    TDJ = The Teachings of Don Juan, Castaneda

    TEG = The Eagle’s Gift, Castaneda

    TEQ = The Eagle’s Quest, Wolf

    TGOP = The Gate of Paradise, Chamalú

    THIM = The Three Halves of Ino Moxo

    TKI = Talking Knots of the Inka, Domenici

    TLD = Tri-Lingual Dictionary, Hornberger

    TP = Theo Paredes (my class notes and personal correspondence)

    TPM = The Pachakúti Mesa, Magee

    TRIB1 = A Key Checkerboard Pattern Tunic of the Linden Museum: First Steps in Breaking the Tocapu Code? TRIBUS 2007, vol. 56 - Abstract

    TSB = The Shaman’s Body, Mindell

    TOP = Tales of Power, Castaneda

    TP = Theo Paredes (my class notes)

    TWR = Geshe Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche (my class notes)

    UNDC = www.unodc.org

    UTE = www.utexas.edu/utpress/excerpts/exschtep.html

    VLA = Vocabulario de la Langua Aymara, Bertonio

    VTFD = Voices of the First Day, Lawlor

    WAC = www.agnostica.com.ar/incassaqs.htm

    WAGA = www.aao.gov.au/images/captions/uks018.html

    WAH = www.andeshandbook.cl

    WAHC = www.amazonhub.com

    WAIC = www.arturinsa.com/p_spondilus.html

    WAN = www.amaruli.net

    WANC = www.artnews.com

    WAO = www.aymara.org/biblio/quechua.html

    WAO2 = www.aymara.org/histo_eng.php

    WAW = www.alchemy-works.com/nicotiana_rustica.html

    WAWC = www.accuweather.com

    WAZ = www.americazoo.com

    WBC = www.britannica.com

    WBT = www.bolivia-travels.com/potosi-sucre-tarabuco/tinku.htm

    WCC = www.coloradocollege.edu/dept/an/TorresRouff/AN203/AN203adams/incasettlements.htm

    WCE = [World Culture Encyclopedia] www.everyculture.com/South-America/ Canelos-Quichua-Religion-and-Expressive-Culture.html

    WCF =  carnivoraforum.com

    WCH = www.crystal-healing.com

    WDH = www.divinehumanity.com/custom/jaguarshaman.html

    WDPO = www.discpro.org/andean

    WEA = www2.essex.ac.uk/arthistory/arara/issue_five/paper4.html

    WEAD = www.ead.ae

    WEB = www.enjoybolivia.com/english/guiadestinos/titicaca/ATRACCIONES_IN.shtml

    WEBMD = www.webmd.com/

    WEC = www.examiner.com

    WELF = www.essentiallivingfoods.com

    WFH = www.future-hype.com/peru.htm

    WFP = www.fruitipedia.com/macqui Aristotelia chilensis.htm

    WGA = www.goantiques.com/detail,pre-columbian-inca,274690.html

    WGC = www.godchecker.com/pantheon/incan-mythology

    WGMX = www.unischaft.gmxhome.de/archiv/0304/16/16.html

    WGRT = Cocaine: White Gold Rush in Peru, Morales

    WHAC = healing.about.com/cs/uc_directory/a/uc_curanderos_2.htm

    WHC = www.hypermex.com/html/abt_huit.htm

    WHH = www.geocities.com/WestHollywood/Heights/5665/acllacuna.html

    WHR = www.geocities.com/Heartland/Ranch/6426/10moche.html

    WIA = www.theinkaadventure.com/English/Saqsayhuaman.asp

    WIC = www.informationclub.com

    WIKI = en.wikipedia.org (no www)

    WIKID = en.wiktionary.org

    WIKIQ = en.wikiquote.org

    WILT = www.ilatintravel.com

    WIP = indioproducts.com

    WISC = www.immunesupport.com/news/95sum004.htm

    WLC = www.llewellyn.com/bookstore/article.php?id=67

    WIPC = www.infoplease.com/spot/aboriginal1.html

    WLMC = www.luckymojo.com/esoteric/occultism/magic/folk/latinamerican/ebh200207_mexican_herbal.html

    WKC = www.kotamama.com/phase4reports/message_archaeo.htm

    WMC = www.world-mysteries.com

    WMG = www.medicinegarden.com/SRE/PeruInitiation.html

    WMGE = www.midena.gov.ec/sitios_wrapper/fuerzas_armadas/historia/reinoquitoatahualpa.htm

    WMO = www.mythome.org

    WMOP = www.meru.org/posters/adamkadmon.html

    WME = www.wmich.edu/~ovpr/recognition-archive.htm

    WMYS = www.mystae.com/restricted/streams/scripts/shamanism.html

    WNC = www.nierika.com/html/nierika_profile.htm

    WNET = PBS documentary Andes: The Dragon's Back

    WODO = www.websters-online-dictionary.org

    WOTW = Wizard of the Four Winds, Sharon

    WOTC = Warriors of the Clouds, Muscutt

    WP = www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A63462-2004May28_2.html

    WP2 = www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/daily/april99/mummies07.htm

    WPAP = www.pachacamac.net

    WPMC = pacomarca.com/mitos_leyendas_en.htm

    WPC = www.pusinsuyu.com/english/html/wiphala.html

    WPG = www.postgazette.com/pg/05168/523357.stm

    WPH = Eduardo el Curandero, Calderón

    WPO = www.pantheon.org

    WPS = www.pusinsuyu.com/english/html/wiphala.html

    WQC = www.qosqo.com

    WQN = www.quinoa.net

    WRIC = www.research.ibm.com/peru/brujo.htm

    WRT = www.rain-tree.com

    WSC1 = www.space.com/scienceastronomy/astronomy/cosmic_darkmatt_020108-1.html

    WSC2 = www.space.com/scienceastronomy/astronomy/dark_matter_011211.html

    WSC3 = www.setours.com/festivities.php?lang=en

    WSC4 = www.space.com/4810-universe-dark-messy.html

    WSC5 = www.space.com/3319-astronomers-create-3d-map-dark-matter.html

    WSDC = www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874108007253

    WSEC = www.shamanic-extracts.com

    WSS = www.sacredsites.com/americas/bolivia/samaipata.html

    WTC = www.temakel.com/simbolazoantropo.htm

    WUTE = www.utexas.edu/utpress/excerpts/exbousex.html

    WVU = www.vanderbilt.edu/AnS/Anthro/Anth101/on_hegemony.htm

    WWKN = www.kachina.net/~alunajoy/awake.html

    WWOC = www.ojinaga.com/store/curanderos/nichos/cipriano.html

    WWP = waynesword.palomar.edu/ecoph19.htm

    WWPE = wordnetweb.princeton.edu

    Many of the photographs, graphics and some of the text in this glossary are copyrighted and the intellectual property of others. No copyright infringement is intended and no financial gain for any individual will be made from these pages. This glossary has been assembled for educational purposes only and follows the fair use doctrine of the copyright laws.


    *The contributor ANON1 wishes to remain anonymous in respectful deference to his teachers' concerns regarding possible notoriety. The author of this entry has been a student of Peruvian ceremonial traditions for over a decade.  His contributions to this Quechua glossary were composed during his three years based in Cusco, Peru, where he experienced Quechua immersion in small Andean communities and actively studied records of the history of Andean cosmology.  These definitions are a product of that time spent in close contact with the specific traditions of Cusco, and likely reflect the idiosyncrasies of the language and culture of that region.

Intro & Usage Guidelines  Bibliography Text Sources Image Sources What's New?  About the Editor 
   
First Edition (c) 2007 Patt O'Neill. All rights reserved. This site was originally published 6-13-07
Second Edition (c) 2008 Patt O'Neill. All rights reserved. Published Jan. 2008.
Third Edition (c) 2014 Patt O'Neill. All rights reserved. Published April 2014
Contact info: See Intro page.